Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-BrownJanuary 17, 1881 – October 24, 1955) was a British anthropologist.
Radcliffe-Brown was born in Sparkbrook, Birmingham, England. He was seen as the classic to Bronislaw Malinowski's romantic. Radcliffe-Brown brought French sociology (namely Emile Durkheim) to British anthropology, constructing a rigorous battery of concepts to frame ethnography. Although he often rejected it, Radcliffe-Brown was associated with functionalism, specifically considered to be the founder of structural functionalism. While Malinowski was attributed with the methodological foundations of anthropological fieldwork, Radcliffe-Brown was attributed with developing a sophisticated functionalist theoretical framework.
Radcliffe-Brown also contributed extensively to the anthropological ideas on kinship.