|Ficus religiosa L|
|Ref: ITIS 506545|
The tree near Patna is a frequent tourist destination for pilgrims since it is next to the Mahabodhi Temple at Bodh Gaya, one of four holy sites to Buddhists. It was while meditating under this tree (mentioned as Assattha in the Tipitaka) that Siddhartha Gautama achieved Nirvana. Therefore, the Bodhi tree or tree of wisdom is considered sacred and symbolic to Buddhists.
The leaves of this tree are somewhat unusual, being cordate in shape with a distinctive extended (or caudate) apex or tip.
See also: List of Buddhist topics