The Ceremonial counties of England reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Ceremonial counties of England

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The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to administrative counties of England. They are also often used a geographic reference frame, and in this capacity are sometimes called geographic counties.

Map

  1. Northumberland
  2. Tyne and Wear
  3. Durham
  4. Cumbria
  5. Lancashire
  6. North Yorkshire
  7. East Riding of Yorkshire
  8. South Yorkshire
  9. West Yorkshire
  10. Greater Manchester
  11. Merseyside
  12. Cheshire
  13. Derbyshire
  14. Nottinghamshire
  15. Lincolnshire
  16. Rutland
  17. Leicestershire
  18. Staffordshire
  19. Shropshire
  20. Herefordshire
  21. Worcestershire
  22. West Midlands
  23. Warwickshire
  1. Northamptonshire
  2. Cambridgeshire
  3. Norfolk
  4. Suffolk
  5. Essex
  6. Hertfordshire
  7. Bedfordshire
  8. Buckinghamshire
  9. Oxfordshire
  10. Gloucestershire
  11. Bristol
  12. Somerset
  13. Wiltshire
  14. Berkshire
  15. Greater London
  16. Kent
  17. East Sussex
  18. West Sussex
  19. Surrey
  20. Hampshire
  21. Isle of Wight
  22. Dorset
  23. Devon
  24. Cornwall
Image:EnglandCountiesCere.png
Not shown: City of London

History

Ceremonial counties before the creation of [[Greater LondonEnlarge

Ceremonial counties before the creation of [[Greater London

in 1965 (excluding Bristol).]]

After the 1888 establishment of county councils and county boroughs, the Lieutenancy was reformed from its earlier basis (based in large part on the traditional counties, although there were differences, as for example Bristol had had a Lord-Lieutenant for centuries). The reformed system was based on using the administrative counties and county boroughs as building blocks to create areas similar to the traditional counties. So for example, the ceremonial county of Leicestershire was composed of the administrative county of Leicestershire, and the county borough of Leicester. Areas that were subdivided, (such as East Suffolk and West Suffolk) were retained as a single ceremonial county, (Suffolk).

The distinction between these counties and the ones used for lieutenancy before 1888 is usually subtle; but can be noted in the encroachment of towns across county borders. For example, Caversham, traditionally in Oxfordshire, was made part of the county borough of Reading in 1911. It thus became associated with Berkshire for lieutenancy. The only major difference was the existence of the County of London.

These ceremonial counties are the basis of many maps produced in the early 20th century.

Apart from minor boundary revisions, these areas were left largely untouched until the 1965 creation of Greater London, which resulted in the abolition of the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Middlesex. However, the creation of the administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough, did not result in a corresponding change to the Lieutenancy areas.

Ceremonial counties from 1974 to 1996Enlarge

Ceremonial counties from 1974 to 1996

In 1974, county boroughs were abolished, and a major reform of the administrative counties took place. At this time, Lieutenancy was redefined to use the new counties directly.

Following the 1990s local government reforms, Avon, Cleveland, Hereford and Worcester, and Humberside were abolished. This led to a resurrection of a distinction between administrative counties and the ceremonial or geographic counties used for Lieutenancy.

Avon was mostly split between Gloucestershire and Somerset, with Bristol regaining its status of a county of itself. Cleveland was partitioned between North Yorkshire and County Durham. Hereford and Worcester was split into Herefordshire and Worcestershire. Humberside was split between a new ceremonial county of East Riding of Yorkshire, with the remaining parts going to Lincolnshire. Also at this time, Rutland was restored as a ceremonial county.

Most ceremonial counties are therefore defined today as groups of local authority areas; the same situation as prevailed between 1888 and 1974.

See also: List of Ceremonial counties of England by Area, List of Ceremonial counties of England by Population, Ceremonial counties of Wales, Lieutenancy areas of Scotland, Administrative counties of England, Traditional counties of England, UK topics.

Definition


United Kingdom | England | Ceremonial counties of England
Bedfordshire | Berkshire | City of Bristol | Buckinghamshire | Cambridgeshire | Cheshire | Cornwall | Cumbria | Derbyshire | Devon | Dorset | Durham | East Riding of Yorkshire | East Sussex | Essex | Gloucestershire | Greater London | Greater Manchester | Hampshire | Herefordshire | Hertfordshire | Isle of Wight | Kent | Lancashire | Leicestershire | Lincolnshire | City of London | Merseyside | Norfolk | Northamptonshire | Northumberland | North Yorkshire | Nottinghamshire | Oxfordshire | Rutland | Shropshire | Somerset | South Yorkshire | Staffordshire | Suffolk | Surrey | Tyne and Wear | Warwickshire | West Midlands | West Sussex | West Yorkshire | Wiltshire | Worcestershire