The Denmark-Norway reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
(provided by Fixed Reference: snapshots of Wikipedia from wikipedia.org)

Denmark-Norway

Learn about Africa online
This article is part of the
Scandinavia series
Viking Age
Ting
Kalmar Union
Denmark-Norway
Sweden-Norway
Monetary Union
Defense union
Languages
Mountains
Peninsula
Varangian
Viking
History of Sweden
History of Norway
History of Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, consisting of Denmark and Norway, including Norway's possessions Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a term used for the two united kingdoms after their amalgamation as one state in 1536. The term Kingdom of Denmark is often used to include Norway in the period 1536-1814. The term covers the "royal part" of the Oldenburgs' as it was in 1460, excluding the "ducal part" of Schleswig and Holstein.

In the aftermath of Sweden's definite secession from the Kalmar Union in 1521, civil war and Protestant Reformation followed in Denmark and Norway. When things had settled down, the Privy Council of Denmark was weakened, and that of Norway was abolished. Norway kept its separate laws and some institutions, such as a royal chancellor, and separate coinage and army. Being a hereditary kingdom, Norway's status as separate from Denmark was important to the royal dynasty in its struggle to win elections as kings of Denmark.

After the Napoleonic Wars Denmark-Norway was defeated and had to cede Norway proper to the king of Sweden, formally effected at the Treaty of Kiel. Norway's overseas possessions were kept by Denmark.

Although unofficial, the term Denmark-Norway has didactic merits and reflects the historical and legal roots of that union. The term Sweden-Finland is sometimes, although with less justification, applied to the contemporary Swedish realm 1521-1809. Finland never was a separate kingdom, and was completely integrated with Sweden.