The Dromedary reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Dromedary

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Dromedary
Status Extinct in the wild
Image:Dromedary.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Camelidae
Genus:Camelus
Species:dromedarius
Binomial name
Camelus dromedarius
The dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) is a large even-toed ungulate native to northern Africa and western Asia, and the best-known member of the camel family.

Dromedaries were first domesticated in central or southern Arabia some thousands of years ago. Experts are divided as to the date: some believe it was around 4000 BC, others as recently as 1400 BC. At present there are almost 13 million domesticated dromedaries, mostly in the area from India to northern Africa. None survive in the wild, although there is an escaped feral population of about 32,000 in Australia.

Gestation lasts around 12 months. Usually a single calf is born, and nursed for up to 18 months. Females are sexually mature after 3 to 4 years, males after 5 to 6 years. Lifespan in captivity is typically about 25 years, with some animals reaching the age of 50.

Adults grow to a length of 10 feet and height of six to seven feet. Weight is usually in the range of 1000-1500 pounds.