The Explanation reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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An explanation is a statement which points to causess, context and consequences of some object (or process, state of affairs etc.), together with rules or laws which link these to the object. Some of these elements of the explanation may be implicit.

Explanations can only be given by those with understanding of the object which is explained.

See also induction, epistemology, knowledge, cogency.