The Federal District reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Federal District

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Federal Districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. These districts are not generally considered to be one of the countries' component states and should not be confused with them, but are rather separate entities under the direct control of the federal government. The seat of the federal government is often located in a Federal District, so that no single individual component state can exercise inappropriate influence over federal affairs.

Distrito Federal, meaning "Federal District" in both the Spanish language and Portuguese language, can refer to:

In the Russian Federation, there are 7 Federal Districts of Russia which function as an additional administrative layer between other subdivisions and the national level.

In the United States, the seat of the federal government in Washington, D.C is a federal district.

In the U.S. federal court system there are District Courts, which are sometimes referred to as Federal District Courts because the federal court system divides the country into federal judicial districts.

The U.S. Federal Reserve central banking system consist of 12 Federal Reserve Banks each of which is responsible for a Federal Reserve District.

See also: National capital territory