The Federal grant reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Federal grant

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In the United States Federal grants are economic aid issued by the United States government. Grants may also be issued by private non-profit organizations such as foundations, not-for-profit corporations or charitable trusts which are all collectively referred to as charities. Outside the United States grants, subventions or subsidies are used to in similar fashion by government or private charities to subsidize programs and projects that fit within the funding criteria of the grant giving entity or donor. Grants can be unrestricted, to be used by the receipient in any fashion within the perimeter of the recipient organization's activities or they may be restricted to a specific purpose by the benefactor.

Federal and State grants frequently receive criticism due to what are perceived to be excessive regulations. These criticisms include problems of overlap, duplication, excessive categorization, insufficient information, varying requirements, arbitrary federal decision-making, and grantsmanship.

See also: economics, political science