Final solutionGerman Endlösung) is the name of the German Nazis' plan to address the "Jewish problem" through systematic relocation and later extermination through genocide. The term was coined by Adolf Eichmann, a top Nazi official who supervised the genocidal campaign.
Heinrich Himmler was the main architect of the slaughter which would eventually exterminate three-quarters of all European Jews. On July 31, 1941, under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring ordered SS general Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question."
The Wannsee conference, which took place in Berlin, am Großen Wannsee on January 20, 1942, was a discussion held by a group of Nazi officials to decide on the "final solution of the Jewish question". The meeting is noted as the first discussion of the "final solution" among Nazi leaders. Also, the records and minutes of this meeting were found intact by the Allies at the end of WW II and served as valuable evidence during the Nuremberg Trials.
Much of the world now refers to the results of the "final solution" as the Holocaust.