Francis FukuyamaOctober 27, 1952 in Chicago) is an American political economist of Japanese ancestry.
A professor of political economy at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, he is best-known as the author of the controversial book The End of History and the Last Man, in which he argues that the progression of human history as a struggle between ideologies is largely at an end, with the world settling on liberal democracy after the end of the Cold War. He has written a number of other books, among them and Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution. In the latter, he retracts his original "end of history" thesis, arguing that since biotechnology increasingly allows humans to control their own evolution, it may allow humans to become fundamentally unequal, and thus spell the end of liberal democracy as a workable system.
Fukuyama is sometimes criticised as being a Luddite.
Although prominent in PNAC, signing the letter begging Bill Clinton for regime change in Iraq, he did not approve of Bush's invasion and has called for Donald Rumsfeld's resignation as defense secretary.