Gone With the Wind
Gone With the Wind is an American novel by Margaret Mitchell which was published in 1936, and an American film based on the book, that relates the story of a rebellious Georgia woman named Scarlett O'Hara and her travails with friends, family and lovers in the midst of the antebellum South, the American Civil War and the Reconstruction. The book and the Academy Award-winning movie are among the most popular of either ever produced.
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2 The Film
3 External link
Critics and historians regard the book as having a strong ideological commitment to the cause of the Confederacy. This is apparent from the book's opening pages in which a description of the way in which Scarlett's beaux, the Tarleton twins, have been expelled from university and accompanied home, out of a sense of honor, by their elder brothers presents a metaphor of the South's interpretation of the issue of statehood for Kansas.
An official sequel, Scarlett, was written by Alexandra Ripley in 1991.
The copyright holders attempted to suppress publication of a book, The Wind Done Gone, which told the story from the point of view of the slaves, but the federal appeals court turned them down in 2001. The successful defence was based on the court's acceptance of the book as parody.
In 1938, film producer David O. Selznick decided that he wanted to create a movie based on Gone With the Wind. He bought the rights for $50,000, a record amount at the time. A well-publicized casting search for an actress to play Scarlett resulted in the hire of young British actress Vivien Leigh, although many other famous actresses had been tested, including Katharine Hepburn, Barbara Stanwyck, Joan Crawford, Lana Turner, Tallulah Bankhead, and Lucille Ball.
Shooting began on December 10, 1938 and was completed on November 11, 1939. The film premiered in Atlanta, Georgia on December 15, 1939, with estimated production costs of four million dollars and has become the highest-grossing movie of all time adjusted. It was a smash hit and is still regarded by many as one of the greatest films ever made; the film has been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry and has undergone a complete digital restoration.
- Directed by
- Writing credits
- Cast (in credits order)
- Clark Gable .... Rhett Butler
- Vivien Leigh .... Scarlett O'Hara
- Leslie Howard .... Ashley Wilkes
- Olivia de Havilland .... Melanie Hamilton
- Hattie McDaniel .... Mammy
- Thomas Mitchell (I) .... Gerald O'Hara
- Barbara O'Neil .... Ellen O'Hara (as Barbara O'Neill)
- Evelyn Keyes .... Suellen O'Hara
- Ann Rutherford .... Carreen O'Hara
- George Reeves .... Stuart Tarleton
- Fred Crane .... Brent Tarleton
- Oscar Polk .... Pork
- Butterfly McQueen .... Prissy
- Victor Jory (I) .... Jonas Wilkerson, The Overseer
- Everett Brown (I) .... Big Sam, the foreman
- Howard C. Hickman .... John Wilkes (as Howard Hickman)
- Alicia Rhett .... India Wilkes
- Rand Brooks .... Charles Hamilton
- Carroll Nye .... Frank Kennedy, a guest
- Laura Hope Crews .... Aunt Pittypat Hamilton
- Ona Munson .... Belle Watling
- Produced by
- David O. Selznick
- Oscar Record
- Best Picture - David O. Selznick, producer
- Best Actress in a Leading Role - Vivien Leigh
- Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Hattie McDaniel
- Best Art Direction - Lyle R. Wheeler
- Best Cinematography, Color - Ernest Haller, and Ray Rennahan
- Best Director - Victor Fleming
- Best Film Editing - Hal C. Kern, and James E. Newcom
- Best Writing, Screenplay - Sidney Howard
- Honorary Award - William Cameron Menzies - "For outstanding achievement in the use of color for the enhancement of dramatic mood in the production of Gone with the Wind." (plaque).
- Technical Achievement Award - Don Musgrave - "For pioneering in the use of coordinated equipment in the production Gone with the Wind."
- Best Actor in a Leading Role - Clark Gable
- Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Olivia de Havilland
- Best Effects, Special Effects - Fred Albin (sound), Jack Cosgrove (photographic), and Arthur Johns (sound)
- Best Music, Original Score - Max Steiner
- Best Sound, Recording - Thomas T. Moulton (Samuel Goldwyn SSD)