The Ilium reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Ilium

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The term Ilium has several meanings, including in legends, in anatomy, and in the arts.

Table of contents
1 Greek
2 Pelvis
3 Band
4 Novel
5 Village

Greek

Ilium is the Latin form of Greek Ilion, the name more commonly used in ancient Greek texts for the legendary city also there called Truia, this latter form being rendered in Latin as Troia and in English as Troy. whence the name of Homer's Iliad which means 'About Ilion'. Legend places this city close to the seacoast in what is now northwest Turkey southwest of the Dardanelles under Mount Ida.

A new city of Ilium was refounded on the site that many believed to be the location of the legendary Ilion/Ilium in the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. It flourished until the establishment of Constantinople, after which it declined.

In 1870 the German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann excavated the area and discovered several cities built in succession to one another. Many believe that one of the earlier cities is the one known to legend as Ilion/Ilium and Troy but no text or artifact has confirmed this yet.



Pelvis

The ilium, or ilion (not to be confused with the ileum), is a bone, part of the pelvis.


Band

Ilium is also the name of an Australian power metal band.


Novel

Ilium is the name of a novel by Dan Simmons published in 2003.


Village

Ilion is the name of a Village in Herkimer County, New York.