The Ille-et-Vilaine reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Ille-et-Vilaine

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Ille-et-Vilaine is a département of France, located in Brittany (Bretagne in French), one of the 22 regions of France.

Ille-et-Vilaine
Logo officiel du Conseil Général du département de l'Ille-et-Vilaine
Details
Information
Region :Brittany
Prefecture :Rennes
Sub-prefectures :Fougères
Redon
Saint-Malo
Population
 - Total (1999)
 - Density

867,533 inhab.
128 inh./kmò
Area6 775 kmò
Arrondissementss4
Cantons53
Communes352
President of the
general council
Jean-Louis Tourenne (june 2004)
Localisation
Locate Ille-et-Vilaine in France

History

The department was created during the French Revolution, on March 4 1790 under the provisions of an Act dated December 22 1789, being formed from a subdivision of the province of Brittany.

Background article: History of Ille-et-Vilaine

Geography

The Department of Ille-et-Vilaine is a part of the region of Brittany. It borders the departements of Manche, of Mayenne, of Maine-et-Loire, of Loire-Atlantique, of Morbihan and Côtes-d'Armor, and has a coastline along the English Channel.

Background article: Ille-et-Vilaine geography

Climate

Background article: Climate of Ille-et-Vilaine

Economy

Background article: Economy of Ille-et-Vilaine

Demography

There seems to be no special name for the inhabitants of Ille-et-Vilaine.

The population has grown over the last few decades and was estimated at 903,400 in January 2003.

Background article : Demography of Ille-et-Vilaine

Culture

Language

French is the only official language of the French Republic (Article 2 of the French Constitution), and spoken by a very large population of this department as in other metropolitan French departments. Nevertheless, moves are afoot to change the French Constitution to include official recognition for the country's native minority languages (which include Breton, Catalan, and Occitan).

Gallo is a historic minority language spoken in Eastern Brittany, in the romance family of langues d'Oïl, of which French is an offshoot. However, as Rennes is the capital of the Region of Bretagne where Breton is an important minority language (notably in Western Brittany and in the rural south East of this departement), Gallo and Breton are both studied in Universities in Rennes.

With regard to Breton, the weighted statistics in the Etude de l'histoire familiale (published by INSEE in 1999) state that there are over 8,500 Breton-speaking people in the Departement. To these one should add children studying in bilingual schools (some 680 students at the beginning of the 2003 school year) and the students of Breton at public secondary schools (over 200 in 2002/2003).

Recent immigration at end of last century has seen the rise of other foreign minority languages.

Foreign language studies are compulsory at secondary school. English is the most commonly studied, but also European languages, notably German, Spanish and Italian, are also studied.

Background article: Culture of Ille-et-Vilaine

Tourism

Background article: Tourism of Ille-et-Vilaine

Politics

Background article: Politics of Ille-et-Vilaine


Administration

Background article: Administration of Ille-et-Vilaine


Miscellaneous

External links



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