The Iowa reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Iowa

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Iowa
Image:us-ia.gif
Flag of Iowa
Image:Iowastateseal.jpg
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: "The Hawkeye State"
Image:Map_of_USA_highlighting_Iowa.png
Other U.S. States
CapitalDes Moines
Largest CityDes Moines
GovernorThomas Vilsack
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 26th
145,743 km2
0.71%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 30th
2,926,324
20/km2
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date
 
29th
December 28, 1846
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Latitude
Longitude
40°36'N to 43°30'N
89°5'W to 96°31'W
Width
Length
Elevation
 -Highest
 -Mean
 -Lowest
320 km
500 km
 
509 meters
335 meters
146 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-IA
Iowa is the 29th state of the United States, having joined the union on December 28, 1846. The U.S. Post Office abbreviation for the state is IA.
The official (long) name of the state: "State of Iowa."

The state is named for the Native American Iowa people.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and Government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Important cities and towns
7 Education
8 Professional sports teams
9 External links

History

Law and Government

The state capital is Des Moines. The current Governor is Tom Vilsack (Democrat) and the two U.S. Senators are Chuck Grassley (Republican) and Tom Harkin (Democrat). The five U.S. Congressmen are Jim Leach (Republican), Jim Nussle (Republican), Steve King (Republican), Tom Latham (Republican), and Leonard Boswell (Democrat).

[Note that all the U.S. states have similar legal and political systems, so maybe we only need to mention anything that makes the state distinct]

Geography

See:
List of Iowa counties

Iowa is bordered by Minnesota on the north, Nebraska and South Dakota on the west, Missouri on the south, and Wisconsin and Illinois on the east.

Economy

Bales of hay on a farm near Ames, IowaEnlarge

Bales of hay on a farm near Ames, Iowa

The state's total gross state product for 1999 was $85 billion placing Iowa 30th in the nation. Its Per Capita Income for 2000 was $26,723. Iowa's main agricultural outputs are hogs, corn, soybeans, oats, cattle and dairy products. Its industrial outputs are food processing, machinery, electric equipment, chemical products, publishing and primary metals.

Demographics

The
2000 population was 2,926,324.


Important cities and towns

Population > 100,000 (urbanized area)

Population > 10,000 (urbanized area)
Other Cities

Education

Iowa has a strong emphasis on education, which is shown in standardized testing scores. In 2003, Iowa had the second highest average SAT scores by state, and tied for second highest average ACT (examination) scores in states where more than 20% of graduates were tested. The national office of ACT is in Iowa City, and the ITBS and ITED testing programs used in many states are provided by the University of Iowa.

State universities

Independent colleges and universities

Loras College
  • Luther College
  • Maharishi University of Management
  • Morningside College
  • Mount Mercy College
  • Northwestern College
  • Simpson College
  • Saint Ambrose University
  • The Franciscan University
  • University of Dubuque
  • Upper Iowa University
  • Vennard College
  • Waldorf College
  • Wartburg College
  • William Penn University
  • Community colleges

    • Clinton Community College
    • Des Moines Area Community College
    • Ellsworth Community College
    • Hawkeye Community College
    • Indian Hills Community College
    • Iowa Central Community College
    • Iowa Lakes Community College
    • Iowa Western Community College
    • Kirkwood Community College
    Marshalltown Community College
  • Muscatine Community College
  • North Iowa Area Community College
  • Northeast Iowa Community College
  • Northwest Iowa Community College
  • Scott Community College
  • Southeastern Community College
  • Southwestern Community College
  • Western Iowa Community College
  • Professional business and technical colleges and universities

    • American Institute of Business
    • Allen College of Nursing
    • Hamilton College
    • Kaplan College
    • Mercy College of Health Sciences
    Palmer College of Chiropractic
  • St. Luke's College of Nursing and Health Sciences
  • University of Osteopathic Medicine and Health Sciences
  • Vatterott College
  • The Hawkeye State
    State motto:"Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain"
    State Bird:Eastern Goldfinch
    State Flower:Wild Rose
    State Rock:Geode
    State Song:"The Song of Iowa"
    State Tree:Oak
    Honorary Ship:USS Iowa

    Professional sports teams

    The Minor League baseball teams are:
    Clinton LumberKings
  • Swing of the Quad Cities
  • Waterloo Bucks
  • U.S. senators from Iowa

    List of United States Senators who have represented Iowa:

    (Seat 1):

    (Seat 2):

    Iowa caucus

    The state gets considerable attention every four years because of its presidential caucus, a gathering of voters which, along with the New Hampshire primary a week later, has become the starting gun for choosing the two major-party candidates for U.S. president. The caucus, held in January of the election year, involves people gathering in homes or public places and choosing their candidate, rather than casting secret ballots, as in done in a primary or election.

    
    

    External links

    State of Iowa
    Regions
    Iowa Great Lakes
    Largest Cities
    Ames | Ankeny | Bettendorf | Burlington | Cedar Falls | Cedar Rapids | Clinton | Council Bluffs | Davenport | Des Moines | Dubuque | Fort Dodge | Iowa City | Marion | Marshalltown | Mason City | Muscatine | Ottumwa | Sioux City | Waterloo
    Counties
    Adair - Adams - Allamakee - Appanoose - Audubon - Benton - Black Hawk - Boone - Bremer - Buchanan - Buena Vista - Butler - Calhoun - Carroll - Cass - Cedar - Cerro Gordo - Cherokee - Chickasaw - Clarke - Clay - Clayton - Clinton - Crawford - Dallas - Davis - Decatur - Delaware - Des Moines - Dickinson - Dubuque - Emmet - Fayette - Floyd - Franklin - Fremont - Greene - Grundy - Guthrie - Hamilton - Hancock - Hardin - Harrison - Henry - Howard - Humboldt - Ida - Iowa - Jackson - Jasper - Jefferson - Johnson - Jones - Keokuk - Kossuth - Lee - Linn - Louisa - Lucas - Lyon - Madison - Mahaska - Marion - Marshall - Mills - Mitchell - Monona - Monroe - Montgomery - Muscatine - O'Brien - Osceola - Page - Palo Alto - Plymouth - Pocahontas - Polk - Pottawattamie - Poweshiek - Ringgold - Sac - Scott - Shelby - Sioux - Story - Tama - Taylor - Union - Van Buren - Wapello - Warren - Washington - Wayne - Webster - Winnebago - Winneshiek - Woodbury - Worth - Wright


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