The Lancashire reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Lancashire

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Lancashire
Image:EnglandLancashire.png
Geography
Status: Ceremonial & (smaller) Administrative County
Region: North West England
Area:
- Total
- Admin. council
- Admin. area
Ranked 17th
3,075 km²
Ranked 16th
2,903 km²
Admin HQ: Preston
GB-LAN
ONS code: 30
NUTS 3: UKD43
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2002 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
- Admin. pop.
Ranked 8th
1,421,912
462 / km²
Ranked 4th
1,140,539
Ethnicity: 93.4% White
5.3% S.Asian
Politics
Arms of Lancashire County Council

Lancashire County Council
http://www.lancashire.gov.uk/
Executive: Labour
Members of Parliament
Janet Anderson, David Borrow, Hilton Dawson, Nigel Evans, Mark Hendrick, Lindsay Hoyle, Joan Humble, Michael Jack, Gordon Marsden, Colin Pickthall, Peter Pike, Greg Pope, Gordon Prentice, Geraldine Smith, Jack Straw
Districts
Image:Lancashire_Ceremonial_Numbered.png
  1. West Lancashire
  2. Chorley
  3. South Ribble
  4. Fylde
  5. Preston
  6. Wyre
  7. Lancaster
  8. Ribble Valley
  9. Pendle
  10. Burnley
  11. Rossendale
  12. Hyndburn
  13. Blackpool (Unitary)
  14. Blackburn with Darwen (Unitary)
Red Lancashire rose

Lancashire (archaically, the County of Lancaster) is a county palatine of England, lying on the Irish Sea. Its traditional county town was Lancaster, but the county council is now based in Preston.

The county borders Cumbria, North Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, Greater Manchester, and Merseyside, and contains the unitary authorities of Blackpool and Blackburn with Darwen.

Lancashire is divided into a number of local government districts. These are Burnley, Chorley, Fylde, Hyndburn, Lancaster, Pendle, Preston, the Ribble Valley, Rossendale, South Ribble, West Lancashire, and Wyre.

Table of contents
1 Towns, cities, villages in Lancashire
2 Places of interest
3 History
4 Options for change
5 External links

Towns, cities, villages in Lancashire

Places of interest

A cobblestone mosaic of a red Lancashire RoseEnlarge

A cobblestone mosaic of a red Lancashire Rose

History

traditional county
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The county was established in 1182. In the Domesday Book, its lands had been treated as part of Cheshire and of Yorkshire. It bordered Cumberland, Westmorland, Yorkshire, and Cheshire.

The historic county was divided into the six hundredss of Amounderness, Blackburn, Leyland, Lonsdale, Salford and West Derby. Lonsdale was further partitioned into Lonsdale North, which was the detached part north of Morecambe Bay (also known as Furness), and Lonsdale South.

The modern administrative area is now rather smaller than that of the historic county due to a local government reform.

On April 1, 1974 the Furness exclave was given to the new county of Cumbria, the south east being given to Greater Manchester, and the south-west becoming Merseyside

Warrington and surrounding districts including the villages of Winwick and Croft and Risley and Culcheth were annexed to Cheshire. A part of the West Riding of Yorkshire near Clitheroe, was transferred to Lancashire also.

In 1998 Blackpool and Blackburn with Darwen became independent of the county as unitary authorities, but remained in Lancashire for ceremonial purposes, as well as for fire and rescue and policing.

Options for change

On May 25, 2004 the Boundary Committee for England published its final recommendations for systems of Unitary Authorities to be implemented if proposals for elected Regional Assemblies are approved by referendums in three northern Regions of England. They put forward two options for each County Council area, which the electorate will be asked to choose between at the same time as the Assembly Referendums.

For Lancashire the options are

Option 1
 

Image:Lancashire_Option1.png

Option 1 (left)
  1. Blackpool with Fleetwood
  2. Blackburn with Darwen
  3. Lancashire Council
Option 2
 

Image:Lancashire_Option2_mod.png

Option 2 (right)
  1. Morecambe Bay
  2. Blackpool & the Fylde
  3. Central Lancashire
  4. East Lancashire
  5. Blackburn with Hyndburn
  6. Sefton & West Lancashire (Merseyside)
  7. Wigan (Greater Manchester)

External links


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