Lists of office-holdersheads of states or of subnational entities (in no particular order).
|Lists of people|
|By office held|
|By prize won|
Current incumbents may also be found in the countries' articles (main article and "Politics of") and the list of national leaders, recent changes on 2004 in politics, and past leaders on State leaders by year.
Various articles group lists by title, function or topic: e.g. abdication, assassinated persons, cabinet, chancellor, ex-monarchs (20th century), first names, head of government, head of state, lieutenant governor, mayor, military commanders, minister (and #Ministers by portfolio below), order of precedence, peerage, president, prime minister, Reichstag participants (1792), Secretary of State.
See also: Religious leaders by year
Heads of State or Government (Defunct Entities)
Heads of State or Government (modern entities)
See also: List of national leaders (in office), state leaders by year.
America, Central and the Caribbean
Heads of modern subnational entities
See also: Canadian history timeline for the premiers in any given year
- Governors of American Samoa
- Governors of Guam
- Governors of Northern Mariana Islands
- Governor of Puerto Rico
- Governors of U.S. Virgin Islands
Ministers by portfolio
- Mayors of Baltimore, Maryland, USA
- Mayors of Berlin, Germany
- Mayors of Bloomington, Minnesota USA
- Mayors of Chicago, USA
- Mayors of Coon Rapids, Minnesota
- Mayors of Dallas, Texas, USA
- Mayors of Denver, Colorado, USA
- Mayors of Detroit, Michigan, USA
- Lord Mayor of Dublin, Ireland
- Mayors of El Paso, Texas, USA
- Mayors of Houston, Texas, USA
- Mayors of Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
- Mayors of Littleton, Colorado, USA
- Mayors of Lobos, Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Lord Mayor of London, UK, head of the Corporation of London (not to be confused with the Mayor of London)
- Mayors of London, Ontario, Canada
- Mayors of Los Angeles, California, USA
- Mayors and Lord Mayors of Melbourne, Australia
- Mayors of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
- Mayors of Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
- Mayors of Montreal, Quebec, Canada
- Mayors of New York City, USA
- Mayors of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
- Mayors of Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
- Mayors of Sacramento, California, USA
- Mayors of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- Mayors of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
- Mayors of Vancouver, Washington, USA
- Mayors of Washington, D.C, USA
- http://rulers.org - detailed lists from 1700.
- http://www.friesian.com/philhist.htm - lists of incumbents including historical analysis of their eras.
- http://www.kessler-web.co.uk/HistoryFiles.htm - list of rulers of all states.