The Maldives reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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The Republic of Maldives is a country consisting territorialy of a group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India.

Republic of Maldives
Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
ހިވެދި ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު
coat of arms
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Xxxxx
Official language Dhivehi
Capital Malé
Capital's coordinates 3ð 15' N, 73ð 00' E
Largest City Malé
President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 185th
300 km²
 - Total (Year)
 - Density
Ranked 167th
 - Total (Year)
 - GDP/head
Ranked 183rd
$1,250 million
Currency Rufiyah (Rf)
Time zone UTC +5
Independence 26 July 1965
National anthem Gavmii mi ekuverikan matii tibegen kuriime salaam (In National Unity Do We Salute Our Nation)
Internet TLD .MV
Calling Code960

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Atolls
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics


Main article: History of the Maldives

The early history of the Maldives is obscure. According to Maldivian legend, a Sinhalese prince named Koimale was stranded with his bride--daughter of the king of Sri Lanka--in a Maldivian lagoon and stayed on to rule as the first sultan.

Over the centuries, the islands have been visited and their development influenced by sailors from countries on the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean littorals. Mopla pirates from the Malabar Coast--present-day Kerala state in India--harassed the islands. In the 16th century, the Portuguese subjugated and ruled the islands for 15 years (1558-1573) before being driven away by the warrior-patriot and later Sultan, Muhammad Thakurufaanu Al-Azam.

Although governed as an independent Islamic sultanate for most of its history from 1153 to 1968, Maldives was a British protectorate from 1887 until July 25, 1965. In 1953, there was a brief, abortive attempt at a republican form of government, after which the sultanate was reimposed.

Following independence from Britain in 1965, the sultanate continued to operate for another 3 years. On November 11, 1968, it was abolished and replaced by a republic, and the country assumed its present name. Tourism and fishing are being developed on the archipelago.


Main article: Politics of the Maldives


Main article: Atolls of the Maldives


Main article: Geography of the Maldives


Main article: Economy of the Maldives


Main article:
Demographics of the Maldives


Main article: Culture of the Maldives

Miscellaneous topics

Countries in South Asia
Bangladesh | Bhutan | India | Maldives | Nepal | Pakistan | Sri Lanka