The Medical ethics reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Medical ethics

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Medical ethics is the discipline of evaluating the merits, risks, and social concerns of activities in the field of medicine.

Ethical thinkers have suggested many methods to help evaluate the ethics of a situation. These methods provide principles that doctors should consider while decision making.

Six of the principles commonly included are:

Principles like these do not give answers as to how to handle a particular situation but guide doctors on what to consider in particular situations. The principles sometimes contradict each other leading to ethical dilemmas. For example, the principles of autonomy and beneficence clash when patients refuse life-saving blood transfusion.

In the United Kingodom, General Medical Council provides clear modern guidance in the form of its 'duties of a doctor' and 'Good Medical Practice' statements.

Table of contents
1 Death and dying
2 Reproductive medicine
3 Medical research
4 Distribution and utilization of research and care
5 Critiques of conventional medicine
6 Critiques of alternative medicine

Death and dying

See also Do Not Resuscitate, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

Reproductive medicine

Medical research

Distribution and utilization of research and care

Critiques of conventional medicine

Critiques of alternative medicine