The Michigan reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
(provided by Fixed Reference: snapshots of Wikipedia from wikipedia.org)

Michigan

Learn about the lives of children in Africa
Michigan
Image:Us-mi.gif Image:Michiganstateseal.jpg
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Wolverine State
Image:Map_of_USA_highlighting_Michigan.png
Other U.S. States
Capital Lansing
Largest City Detroit
Governor Jennifer Granholm
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 11th
250,941 kmò
147,255 kmò
103,687 kmò
41.3%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 8th
9,938,444
40/kmò
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

26th
January 26, 1837
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
(Some Upper Peninsula
counties bordering Wisconsin
are Central time.)
Latitude
Longitude
41°41'N to 47°30'N
82°26'W to 90°31'W
Width
Length
Elevation
  -Highest
  -Mean
  -Lowest
385 km
790 km
 
603 meters
275 meters
174 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-MI

Michigan is a state in the United States. Its U.S. postal abbreviation is MI (old style:Mich.). The name is derived from Lake Michigan, which in turn is believed to come from the Chippewa word meicigama, meaning "great water."

The state is known as the birthplace of the automotive industry. However, it also has a large tourist industry. Destinations like Traverse City, Mackinac Island, and the entire Upper Peninsula draw vacationers, hunters, and nature lovers from all over the U.S and Canada. Michigan has the longest coastline of any state except Alaska and more recreational boats than any other state.

USS Michigan was named in honor of this state.

A resident of Michigan is called either a "Michiganian" or a "Michigander"

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and Government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Important cities
7 Education
8 Professional sports teams
9 Miscellaneous information
10 External links

History

Once a thriving lumber capital and supplier of iron and copper minerals, Michigan's declining natural resources gave way at the turn of the twentieth century. The birth of the automotive industry with Henry Ford's first plant in the Highland Park suburb of Detroit, marked the beginning of a new era in personal transportation that permanently changed the socio-economic climate of America. Many automotive manufacturing plants remain, however, Detroit lost its grandeur after World War II, as automotive companies abandoned huge industrial parks in the area for the cheaper labor found in Southern U.S. and offshore plants.

Early European history

U.S. history

Major historical events

Law and Government

Great Lakes State
State Motto:Si Quaeris Peninsulam
Amoenam Circumspice
State Song:My Michigan
State Bird:American Robin
State Mammal:White-tailed Deer
State Fish:Brook Trout
State Reptile:Painted Turtle
State Fossil:Mastodon
State Flower:Apple Blossom
State Wildflower:Dwarf Lake Iris
State Tree:White Pine
State Stone:Petoskey stone
State Gem:Isle Royale greenstone
State Soil:Kalkaska Sand

See: List of Michigan Governors
''See: List of United States Senators from Michigan

Michigan counties and townships are statutory units of government, meaning that they have only those powers expressly provided or fairly implied by state law. Cities and villages are vested with home rule powers, meaning that they can do almost anything not prohibited by law.

There are two types of townships in Michigan: general law and charter. Charter township status was created by the state legislature in 1947 and grants additional powers and stream-lined administration in order to provide greater protection against annexation by a city. As of April 2001, there were 127 charter townships in Michigan.

Geography

See:List of Michigan counties
 Islands of Michigan
 List of Michigan rivers

Michigan borders Indiana and Ohio to the south, and Wisconsin to the southwest of the Upper Peninsula. Michigan also borders Minnesota, Illinois and Ontario, Canada but only on water boundaries in the Great Lakes system. The highest point is Mount Arvon at 1979 feet (603 m).

Michigan consists of two peninsulas:

The Lower Peninsula is shaped like a mitten and is 277 miles long from north to south and 195 miles from east to west. The Upper Peninsula (often called simply "The U.P.") is as big as Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island combined, but has less than 320,000 inhabitants, who are sometimes called "Yoopers" and whose speech has been heavily influenced by the large number of Scandinavian and Canadian immigrants who settled the area during the mining boom of the late 1800's.

These two sections are connected only by the Mackinac Bridge -- the third longest suspension bridge in the world. The two peninsulas are surrounded by an extensive Great Lakes shoreline. Other than Alaska, Michigan has the longest shoreline of any state -- 2,242 miles (and another 879 miles if islands are included). This equals the length of the Atlantic Coast, from Maine to Florida. The Great Lakes which touch the two peninsulas of Michigan are Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan and Lake Superior. No point in Michigan is more than 6 miles from an inland lake or more than 85 miles from one of the Great Lakes, and the state has more than 11,000 inland lakes and more than 36,000 miles of rivers and streams.

National parks

See also Protected areas of Michigan, List of Michigan state parks

Economy

See also: List of companies based in Michigan

Demographics

image:Michigan_map.png

Important cities

See: List of cities, villages, and townships in Michigan

Education

Colleges and universities

Community Colleges and Technical Schools

  • American College of Computer and Information Sciences
  • Alpena Community College
  • Bay de Noc Community College
  • Bay Mills Community College
  • Delta College
  • Ellis College of NYIT
  • Glen Oaks Community College
  • Gogebic Community College
  • Grand Rapids Community College
  • Henry Ford Community College
  • ITT Technical Institute - Canton, Grand Rapids and Troy
  • Jackson Community College
  • Kalamazoo Valley Community College
  • Kellogg Community College
  • Kennedy-Western University
  • Kirtland Community College
  • Lake Michigan College
  • Lansing Community College
  • Macomb Community College
  • Mid-Michigan Community College
  • Monroe County Community College
  • Montcalm Community College
  • Mott Community College
  • Muskegon Community College
  • National Institute of Technology - Southfield
  • National Institute of Technology - Wyoming
  • North Central Michigan College
  • Northwestern Michigan College
  • Oakland Community College
  • Olympia Career Training Institute - Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Olympia Career Training Institute - Kalamazoo, Michigan
  • Saint Clair County Community College
  • Schoolcraft College
  • Southwestern Michigan College
  • Suomi College
  • University of Phoenix - Detroit, Michigan
  • University of Phoenix - Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Washtenaw Community College
  • Wayne County Community College
  • West Shore Community College

Professional sports teams

Other notable sports teams


Miscellaneous information

Michigan has 116 lighthouses. The first lighthouses in Michigan were built between 1818 and 1822. They were built to project light at night and to serve as a landmark during the day to safely guide the freighters traveling the Great Lakes. See Lighthouses in the United States.

Michigan has the most registered boats (over 1 million) of any state in the Union.

Although most famous for its automotive industry, over half of Michigan's land is forested, much of it quite remote.

Quick trivia

Related articles

External links


Political divisions of the United States
Flag of the United States
States Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming
Federal district District of Columbia
Insular areas American Samoa | Baker Island | Guam | Howland Island | Jarvis Island | Johnston Atoll | Kingman Reef | Midway Atoll | Navassa Island | Northern Mariana Islands | Palmyra Atoll | Puerto Rico | Virgin Islands | Wake Island