The Narcoterrorism reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Narcoterrorism

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This article is part of the
Terrorism series:
Definition of terrorism>Definition & Conventions
Counter-terrorism>Counterterrorism &
"War on Terror" and its criticisms
Lists: List of terrorist groups>Groups, State sponsors,
Guerrillas, Incidents,
Most wanted
Types: Nationalist terrorism>Nationalist, Religious,
Left-wing, Right-wing,
State, Islamic, Ethnic,
Bioterrorism, Narcoterrorism,
Domestic, Nuclear,
Anarchist
Tactics: Aircraft hijacking>Hijacking,
Suicide bomber
Configurations: Terrorist front organization>Fronts,
Independent actors
Other: Terrorism insurance
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Narcoterrorism is a term coined by former President Belaunde Terry of Peru in 1983 when describing terrorist-type attacks against his nation's anti-narcotics police. In the original context, narcoterrorism is understood to mean the attempts of narcotics traffickers to influence the policies of government by the systematic threat or use of violence. Pablo Escobar's ruthless dealings with the Colombian government is probably the best known and best documented example of narcoterrorism.

The term has become a subject of controversy, largely due to its frequent and inconsistent use in the advertising campaigns of the US Government's War on Drugs.

The term is being increasingly used for known terrorist organizations that engage in drug trafficking activity to fund their operations and gain recruits and expertise. Such organizations include FARC, ELN, and AUC in Colombia, Hezbollah in Lebanon, and Al Qaeda throughout the Middle East, Europe, and Central Asia.