Nokia is a Finnish telecommunications company which formerly has been in the forest products, rubber, cable, and television businesses. The company is best known for its leading range of mobile phones, but also produces mobile phone infrastructure and other telecommunications equipment for applications such as traditional voice telephony, ISDN, broadband access, professional mobile radio, voice over IP, and wireless LAN. Nokia is also known to produce a line of satellite receivers.
Nokia was founded in 1865 as a wood-pulp mill by Fredrik Idestam. The company then expanded into producing rubber products in the Finnish city of Nokia, and began to use Nokia as a brand. After World War II Nokia acquired Finnish Cable Works, a producer of telephone and telegraph cables. In the 1970s Nokia became more involved in the telecommunications industry by developing the Nokia DX 200, a digital switch for telephone exchanges. In the 1980s Nokia got involved in the development of mobile phones for the NMT network, and in the 1990s, the company was streamlined into focusing on mobile phones, mobile phone infrastructure and other telecommunications areas, divesting itself of other items such as televisions and personal computers.
Nokia's global headquarters are at Keilalahti in Espoo, Finland.
Nokia has recently stepped into the mobile gaming device sector with their N-Gage console.
The company is an active supporter of software patents.
The name "Nokia," as with all Finnish words, has its emphasis on the first syllable, not the second.