Participation dancedance forms or dance styles based on purpose. The purpose of this type of dance is to actively encourage dancing (participation) in a group. The dancing that is encouraged might be among those who would otherwise be passive dance viewers, or it might be among dancers who are encouraged to dance in a new way, or with new partners.
This compares to other major dance categories based on purpose:
games based on dancing. These can be seen, for example, at weddings, festivals and other large social gatherings.
- Some of these dances consist of a few simple steps which are learned during participataion, either from simple instructions given by a dance leader or from watching others who are already experienced at the routine. Examples are Electric Slide, YMCA and the Chicken Dance.
- Other participation dances have an easily learned song that is sung to the music and which may act as a reminder of the steps. Examples are the Hokey-cokey, and the similar Hokey Pokey. Cuing by a danceleader is not uncommon in this type of participation dance.
- Others incorporate some kind of game.
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2 See also
Participation dance games
Elimination rules disqualify a dancer or dancers, for example because of lack of endurance, by entering a particular part of the floor, by age, etc.
Follow the leader
A designated leader makes some motions, usually repeating several times, and the rest are to do the same. In some cases the dances form a chain or a file. Examples of the latter case are Conga line, Bunny Hop and Finnish dance Letkajenkka. The "Letkajenkka", also known as Letkajenka, Letkiss and Letka-Enka, was a dance craze in Europe during the 1960s. It is an adaptation of Madison, Conga and Bunny Hop dances, played to a Finnish traditional folk dance song.
A kind of participation game for dancers that have some skills in social dancing. During a song or several songs of a dance or dances well-known to participants (Waltz, Foxtrot, West Coast Swing, etc.), at certain moments pairs exchange partners in random way. The rules vary. Below are some examples.