The Peru reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Peru

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Alternate uses: Peru (disambiguation)

República del Perú
125px
coat of arms
(In Detail)
National motto: Libertad y Orden
(Spanish; "Liberty and Order")
Location of Peru
Official language Spanish, Quechua, Aimara
Capital Lima
President Alejandro Toledo Manrique
Prime Minister Carlos Ferrero Costa
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 19th
1,285,220 km²
8.8%
Population
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 39th
28,409,897
22/km²
Independence
 - Date
From Spain
July 28, 1822
Currency Sol
Time zone UTC -5
National anthem Somos libres, seámoslo siempre
(We Are Free, Let Us Remain So Forever)
Internet TLD .PE
Calling Code51

Peru (Spanish Perú) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Regions
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 International rankings
9 Miscellaneous topics
10 External links

History

Main article: History of Peru

Before the Spanish arrived, Peru was home to various Pre Inca cultures and later, to the Inca Empire. Francisco Pizarro arrived to Peruvian coasts in 1532 and by the end of the 1530s, Peru became a Viceroyalty and a major source of gold and silver for the Spanish Empire. Peru declared independence from Spain on July 28, 1821.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Peru

The current president is Alejandro Toledo, leader of Perú Posible. This governing party is, with 45 seats, the largest in the 120-seat parliament.

The second and third largest parties are in opposition; respectively Partido Aprista Peruano (short: Apra, 28 seats) and Lourdes Flores Nano led Unidad Nacional (17 seats).

Regions

Main article: Regions of Peru

Peru's territory, under Law No. 27867 of 16 November 2002, is divided in 26 regions:

Amazonas, Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, El Callao, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima Metropolitana, Lima Provincias, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, San Martín, Puno, Tacna, Tumbes, and Ucayali.

Geography

Main article: Geography of Peru

Map of Peru

Peru is located in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. It also shares borders with Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia.

The western coastal plains (costa) are separated from the eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva) by the high and rugged Andes in center (sierra). On the border with Bolivia lies Lake Titicaca, the worlds highest navigable lake at 3821 m.

Economy

Main article: Economy of Peru

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Peru

Culture

Main article: Culture of Peru

International rankings

Miscellaneous topics

External links



Countries in South America
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela
Dependencies: Falkland Islands | French Guiana

Logo of the OAS
Organization of American States (OAS)
Antigua and Barbuda | Argentina | Bahamas | Barbados | Belize | Bolivia | Brazil | Canada | Chile | Colombia | Costa Rica | Cuba | Dominica | Dominican Republic | Ecuador | El Salvador | Grenada | Guatemala | Guyana | Haiti | Honduras | Jamaica | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama | Paraguay | Peru | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | St. Kitts and Nevis | Suriname | Trinidad and Tobago | United States | Uruguay | Venezuela