Piedmont is surrounded on three sides by the Alps mountain range, including the Monviso, where the Po river rises. It borders with France and the Italian regions of Lombardy, Liguria and Valle d'Aosta.
The region is divided into eight administrative provinces (Alessandria, Asti, Biella, Cuneo, Novara, Vercelli, Verbania and Torino), each named after its principal city. Other important cities include Moncalieri and Rivoli.
Lowland Piedmont is a fertile agricultural region, producing wheat, rice, maize and grapes: the region also contains major industrial centres, notably Turin, home to the FIAT automobile works.
From 1046 the main territory of the house of Savoy, (dukes of Savoy from 1416 and kings of Sardinia from 1720), Piedmont was the springboard for Italy's unification in 1859-1861, following earlier unsuccessful wars against Austria in 1820-1821 and 1848-1849.
A piedmont (piemonte in Italian) is a foothill.
Regions of Italy
Abruzzo | Basilicata | Calabria | Campania | Emilia-Romagna | Lazio (Latium) | Liguria | Lombardia (Lombardy) | Marche | Molise | Piemonte (Piedmont) | Puglia (Apulia) | Toscana (Tuscany) | Umbria | Veneto |
Regions with special autonomous status
Friuli-Venezia Giulia | Sardegna (Sardinia) | Sicilia (Sicily) | Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol) | Valle d'Aosta (Aosta Valley)