The Poverty reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Poverty

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Poverty is a subjective and comparative term describing a lack of sufficient wealth (usually understood as capital, money, material goods, or resources especially natural resources) to live what is understood in a society as a "normal" life: for instance, to be capable of raising a healthy family, and especially educating children and participating in society. A person living in this condition of poverty is said to be poor. The meaning of "sufficient" varies widely across the different political and economic areas of the world.

Washing clothes in MumbaiEnlarge

Washing clothes in Mumbai

Poverty is essentially the collective condition of poor people, or of poor groups, and in this sense entire nation-states are sometimes regarded as poor. To avoid stigma these are usually called developing nations.

Poverty is often strongly correlated with social problems, such as crime and disease (notably sexually transmitted diseases), sometimes in epidemic form. As a result, many societies employ social workers to fight poverty by a variety of methods which range from moral persuasion to financial subsidy to physical coercion.

There is evidence of poverty in every region. In developed countries, this condition results in wandering homeless people and poor suburbs (with so-called bidonvilles or favelas) in which poor people are - more or less - restricted to a ghetto.

The condition in itself is not always considered negatively, even if this is the prevalent interpretation: some cultural or religious groups consider poverty an ideal condition to live in, a condition necessary in order to reach certain spiritual or intellectual states. A notable example is that of the Christian Franciscan order. This is called voluntary simplicity, of which voluntary poverty is an extreme form.

Poverty is studied by many social, scientific and cultural disciplines.

Related debates on a states' human capital and a person's individual capital tend likewise to focus on access to the instructional capital and social capital available only to those educated in such formal systems.

Table of contents
1 Causes of Poverty
2 Eliminating Poverty
3 See also
4 External links

Causes of Poverty

Poverty is a highly political issue. People with right wing views often see it as related to laziness, and a lack of Family planning. People with left wing views see it more in terms of Social Justice and lack of opportunity in Education. It is a highly complex issue in which various factors often play a part.

Although it is widely thought that poverty is a result of laziness, as well as unemployment, the United States (presumably the wealthiest nation in the world) has millions of what must be considered the working poor; that is - persons not on welfare or immediate public assistance plans, that due either to the capitalist economic system, or to other factors, who are completely unable to rise above poverty, despite frequent efforts to the contrary.

Eliminating Poverty

Many societies at various times have tried to eliminate poverty, through numerous measures including education, industrialization, and through forms of social welfare. A true solution has remained elusive.

See also

External links