The Pragmatics reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Pragmatics

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Linguistics
Theoretical linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
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Syntax
Semantics
Lexical semantics
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Pragmatics
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Pragmatics is generally the study of natural language understanding, and specifically the study of how context influences the interpretation of meanings. It is a subfield of linguistics.

Context here must be interpreted as situation as it may include any imaginable extralinguistic factor, including social, environmental, and psychological factors.

Table of contents
1 Methodology and Presuppositions
2 Related fields
3 Significant Works
4 See also
5 External Links

Methodology and Presuppositions

Pragmatics is interested predominantly in utterances, usually in the context of conversations, and made up of sentences.

A distinction is made in pragmatics between sentence meaning and speaker meaning. Sentence meaning is the literal meaning of the sentence, while the speaker meaning is the concept that the speaker is trying to convey.

The ability to understand another speaker's intended meaning is called pragmatic competence.

Related fields

According to Morris, Pragmatics tries to understand the relationship between signs and interpretations, while Semantics tends to focus on the actual objects or ideas that a word refers to, and Syntactics examines the relationship between signs.

Significant Works

See also

See also:
Speech act, Presupposition, entailment, Deixis, Implication, Universal pragmatics

External Links

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