Rabbinic literatureliterature by rabbis concerning Judaism. In academic circles, the term is restricted to writings from the era of the Talmud (the Hebrew term is Sifrut Hazal). This article discusses rabbinic literature broadly in the former sense (not according to the academic definition), but is limited to that literature which has achieved some degree of canonicity among Jews.
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2 Mishna and Talmud
6 See also
8 External links
Mishna and TalmudMishnaic and Talmudic period (until 500 C.E.):
- The Mishnah (the Oral law) and Tosefta (additions to the Mishna)
- The Talmud (analysis of the Mishna):
- The various Midrash compilations (Sifra, Sifre, Mechilta, Midrash Rabba)
- The Minor Tractates
GeonimGeonim, the rabbis of Sura and Pumbeditha, in Babylon (650 CE - 1250 CE) :
- She'iltoth of Acha'i Gaon
- Halachoth Gedoloth
- Emmunoth ve-Deoth (Saadia Gaon)
- The Siddur by Amram Gaon
RishonimRishonim, the rabbis of the early medieval period (1250 CE - 1550 CE) to the Shulkhan Arukh:
- The commentaries on the Bible, such as those by Rashi, Abraham ibn Ezra and Nahmanides.
- Commentaries on the Talmud, principally by Rashi, his grandson Samuel ben Meir and Nissim of Gerona.
- Talmudic novellae (chiddushim) by Tosafists, Nahmanides, Nissim of Geronda, Solomon ben Adereth (Rashba), Yomtov ben Ashbili (Ritva)
- Works of halakha (Asher ben Yechiel, Mordechai ben Hillel)
- Codices by Maimonides and Jacob ben Asher, and finally Shulkhan Arukh
- Responsa, e.g. by Solomon ben Adereth (Rashba)
- Kabbalistic works (such as the Zohar)
- Philosophical works (Maimonides, Gersonides, Nahmanides)
- Ethical works (Bahya ibn Paquda, Jonah of Gerona)
AcharonimAcharonim,1550 to the present:
- Bible commentaries:
- Glosses: Keli Yakar, Ohr ha-Chayim by Chayim ben-Attar, Samson Raphael Hirsch, Naphtali Yehuda Zwi Berlin
- Talmudic novellae: Pnei Yehoshua, Hafla'ah, Sha'agath Aryei
- Responsa, e.g. by Moses Sofer, Moshe Feinstein
- Works of halakha and codices e.g. Mishna Berura by Yisrael Meir Kagan
- Ethical and philosophical works:
- Historical works, e.g. Shem ha-Gedolim by Chaim Joseph David Azulai.
- Eras of history in Jewish law
- "Back to the Sources: Reading the Classic Jewish Texts", Barry W. Holtz, Summit Books.
- "Introduction to Rabbinic Literature" Jacob Neusner, Anchor Bible Reference Library/Doubleday
- "Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash", H. L. Strack and G. Stemberger, Fortress Press
- Shemuel Safrai and Peter J. Tomsan "The Literature of the Sages: Oral Torah, Halakha, Mishna, Tosefta, Talmud, External Tractates" Fortress, 1987