Respect diversitybiodiversity" of non-human life, is basic to some 20th century studies such as cultural ecology, Queer studies, and anthropological linguistics.
In various forms it is promoted by many political movements, most notably feminism, gay rights, green politics and the anti-globalization movement. However it means somewhat different things in each of these. To some, diversity means bio-diversity and the existence of several distinct races and cultures. To others, diversity means the mixing and reunification of races and cultures back into one, as per the melting pot idea.
Prescriptions to respect (non-biological) diversity are common in:
- community-based economics, i.e. no one policy for all regions, especially all ecoregions
- diversity training that is designed to eliminate racism and clique relationships in the workplace that can direct blame to specific people for lack of conformity
- consensus decision making support
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