The Rhode Island reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Rhode Island

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State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Rhode Island flag Rhode Island seal
Flag Seal
State nickname: "The Ocean State"
Map of USA highlighting Rhode Island
Other U.S. States
Capitol Providence
Largest City Providence
Governor Donald Carcieri
Area
  - Total
  - Land
  - Water
  - % water
Ranked 50th
4,005 km²
2,709 km²
1,296 km²
32.4%
Population
  - Total (2000)
  - Density
Ranked 43rd
1,048,319
262/km²
Admittance into Union
  - Order
  - Date
List of U.S. states by date of statehood>13th
May 29, 1790
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/Daylight saving time
Latitude
Longitude
41°18'N to 42°1'N
71°8'W to 71°53'W
Width
Length
Elevation
  - Highest
  - Mean
  - Lowest
50 km
65 km
 
247 meters
60 meters
0 meters
ISO 3166-2 US-RI

Rhode Island is geographically the smallest state in the United States. Rhode Island (pronounced "Rode Island") is part of the New England region, and was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. Although it is the smallest state in area, it has the longest name; the official name is the "State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations," Providence Plantations referring to the mainland portion of the state which was originally all part of the town of Providence and "Rhode Island" referring to Aquidneck Island on which Newport, Middletown, and Portsmouth are located.

The Ohio Class nuclear missile submarine USS Rhode Island was named in honor of this state, which boasts the Newport Naval Station and its associated Naval Undersea Warfare Center.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and Government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Important cities and towns
7 Education
8 Arts
9 Professional sports teams
10 Miscellaneous information
11 External links

History

Rhode Island Colony was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams after being banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious views. He settled at the tip of Narragansett Bay near the Mashassuck River, calling the site Providence and declaring it as a place of religious freedom for Baptist settlers. Historically, the land of Rhode Island is unique because it was purchased twice, once from the King of England, and once from the Native American tribes which lived on the land.

Anne Hutchinson was banished from Massachusetts for expressing her beliefs that people could talk to God by themselves, not necessarily through a minister. She and some others made founded the town of Portsmouth in present-day Rhode Island.

On May 18, 1652 Rhode Island passed the first law in North America making slavery illegal.

Charles II of England granted John Clarke a Royal Charter on July 8, 1663 to Rhode Island. Rhode Island was the only one of the thirteen colonies that had complete religious freedom. Under the terms of the charter, only landowners could vote. Before the Industrial Revolution, when most people were employed as farmers, this was considered democratic. As the Industrial Revolution moved large numbers of workers into the cities, a permanently landless, and therefore voteless class developed. By 1829, 60% of the state's free white males were ineligible to vote.

Several attempts had been made to address this problem, but none passed. In 1842 Thomas Dorr drafted a liberal constitution which was passed by popular referendum. However the conservative sitting governor, Samuel Ward King, opposed the people's wishes, leading to the Dorr Rebellion. Although this collapsed, a modified version of the constitution was passed in November, which allowed any white male to vote that owned land or could pay a $1 poll tax.

Rhode Island was the last state to ratify the United States Constitution (May 29, 1790) and did so only under the threat of being declared a foreign nation and having its exports taxed.

Law and Government

The capital of Rhode Island is Providence and its current governor is Donald Carcieri (Republican). Its two U.S. Senators are John "Jack" Reed (Democrat) and Lincoln Chafee (Republican). Its two U.S. Congressmen are Patrick J. Kennedy (Democrat, District #1) and Jim Langevin (Democrat, District #2). List of Rhode Island Governors.

Geography of Rhode Island
Geography of Rhode Island

Geography

See: List of Rhode Island counties

Rhode Island is bordered on the north and east by Massachusetts, on the west by Connecticut, on the southwest by New York (sea border), and on the south by Rhode Island Sound and the North Atlantic Ocean. Narragansett Bay is a major feature of the state's topography. Block Island lies off the southern coast.

Economy

Rhode Island's 1999 total gross state product was $33 billion, placing it 45th in the nation. Its 2000 per capita Personal Income was $29,685, 16th in the nation. Rhode Island's agricultural outputs are nursery stock, vegetables, dairy products, and eggs. Its industrial outputs are fashion jewelry, fabricated metal products, electric equipment, machinery, shipbuilding and boatbuilding, and tourism.


Demographics

According to the 2000 census, its population was 1,048,319.

Important cities and towns


Education

Smithfield, Rhode Island is home of Bryant College, a prestigious business school; Providence, the oldest and largest city in the state, is the home of Providence College and Brown University.

Rhode Island has several state colleges and universities, the University of Rhode Island, located in Kingston in the southern part of the state and Rhode Island College in Providence.

Colleges and universities

Arts

Professional sports teams


Miscellaneous information

Area: 1,545 sq. miles
Population: 1,048,319 (2000)
Capital: Providence
Counties: 5 (see: List of Rhode Island counties)
Bird: Rhode Island Red(A chicken)
Flower: Violet
Tree: Red Maple
Nicknames: The Ocean State, Little Rhody
Official State Rock Cumberlandite

External links


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