The South Dakota reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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South Dakota

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South Dakota
Image:us-sd.gif Image:SouthDakotastateseal.jpg
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: The Mount Rushmore State
Image:Map_of_USA_highlighting_South_Dakota.png
Other U.S. States
Capital Pierre
Largest CitySioux Falls
GovernorMike Rounds
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 17th
199,905 kmò
196,735 kmò
3,173 kmò
1.6%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 46th
754,844
3.8/kmò
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

40th
November 2, 1889
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Eastern SD in Central, Western SD in Mountain
Latitude
Longitude
42°29'30"N to 45°56'N
98°28'33"W to 104°3'W
Width
Length
Elevation
  -Highest
  -Mean
  -Lowest
340 km
610 km
 
2,207 meters
670 meters
294 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-SD


South Dakota is a state in the high plains of the northern Middle West.   It is named after the Lakota (Sioux) American Indian tribe.
South Dakota was admitted to the Union on November 2, 1889. North Dakota was admitted on the same day (see Trivia, below).

South Dakota is bordered to the north by North Dakota, to the south by Nebraska, to the east by Iowa and Minnesota, and to the west by Wyoming and Montana.

USS South Dakota was named in honor of this state.

Area: 77,121 sq. miles
Population: 754,844 (2000)
Capital: Pierre
Counties: 66 ('\'see'': List of South Dakota counties)
Bird: Ring-necked Pheasant
Flower: Pasque Flower
Tree: Black Hills Spruce
Nicknames: Mount Rushmore State
Slogan: "Great Faces. Great Places."
Mineral: Rose quartz
Insect: Honey bee - Apis Mellifera L.
Animal: Coyote
Soil: Houdek
Fish: Walleye
Gemstone: Fairburn agate
Dessert: Kuchen
Drink: Milk
Grass: Western wheat

Table of contents
1 Important cities
2 Other features
3 Colleges and universities
4 Trivia
5 External links

Important cities

See List of South Dakota counties, Governors of South Dakota

Other features

See: List of South Dakota rivers

Colleges and universities


Trivia

A
bill for statehood for North and South Dakota (and Montana, and Washington) was passed on February 22 1889 during the Administration of Grover Cleveland. It was left to his successor Benjamin Harrison to sign proclamations formally admitting North and South Dakota to the Union on November 2 1889. However, the rivalry between the northern and southern territories presented a dilemma: only one, upon the President's signature on the proclamation, could gain the distinction of being admitted before the other. So Harrison directed his Secretary of State James Blaine to shuffle the papers and obscure from him which he was signing first, and the priority went unrecorded.

South Dakota license plates are numbered by county, with the first digit referring to the county of origin. Such a numbering system allows one to easily determine where the vehicle was registered. Counties 1-10 are ranked, roughly, by population. 11-67 are numbered alphabetically.

South Dakota is the only state in the United States that does not offer a state-sponsored college tuition program.

Harney Peak, in the Black Hills, is the highest point between the Rocky Mountains and the French Alps. More than 70,000 people hike to its 7,242 foot summit each year.

The deepest mine in the United States, the Homestake gold mine (now defunct), is in the Black Hills of South Dakota, near the town of Lead. Its shaft plunges more than 8,000 feet beneath the surface. There is also pending legislation that would give the mine to the National Science Foundation for use as an underground research laboratory.

South Dakota is home to the largest indoor, naturally heated, swimming pool in the world. Evans Plunge, heated from natural mineral springs, is in Hot Springs.

The largest and most complete fossil of Tyrannosaurus rex ever found was uncovered near the city of Faith, in 1990. Named "Sue," the remains are over 90 percent complete.

External links


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