The Tennessee reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Tennessee

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Tennessee
Image:us-tn.jpg Image:Tennesseestateseal.jpg
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Volunteer State
Image:Map_of_USA_highlighting_Tennessee.png
Other U.S. States
Capital Nashville
Largest City Memphis
Governor Phil Bredesen
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 36th
109,247 kmò
106,846 kmò
2,400 kmò
2.2%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 16th
5,689,283
52/kmò
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

16th
June 1, 1796
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Central: UTC-6/-5
East TN in Eastern, Middle and West TN in Central
Latitude
Longitude
35°N to 36°41'N
81°37'W to 90°28'W
Width
Length
Elevation
  -Highest
  -Mean
  -Lowest
195 km
710 km
 
2,025 meters
275 meters
54 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-TN
Tennessee is a southern state of the United States.

USS Tennessee was named in honor of this state.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and Government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Important cities and towns
7 Education
8 Professional sports teams
9 Famous Tennesseans
10 Miscellaneous information
11 External links

History

Law and Government

Tennessee's governor holds office for a four year term and may serve any number of terms, but not more than two in a row. The speaker of the state Senate has the title of lieutenant governor. See:List of Tennessee Governors.

The General Assembly, ( the state's legislature) consists of the Senate which has 33 members and the House of Representatives with 99 members. Senators serve four year terms, and House members serve two year terms.

The highest court in Tennessee is the state Supreme Court. It has a chief justice and four associate justices. The Court of Appeals has 12 judges. The Court of Criminal Appeals has nine judges.

Tennessee's current state constitution was adopted in 1870. The state had two earlier constitutions. The first was adopted in 1796, the year Tennessee joined the union, and the second was adopted in 1834.

Geography

See:List of Tennessee counties''

It is bordered on the north by Kentucky and Virginia, on the east by North Carolina, on the south by Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, and on the west by Arkansas and Missouri. The state is bisected by the Tennessee River.

The state of Tennessee is traditionally divided by its people into three grand divisions - East, Middle, and West Tennessee.

Tennessee features six principal geographic regions. Roughly from west to east, these are:

Economy

According to U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2001 Tennessee's Gross State Product was $115,204,000,000, 1.1% of the total Gross National Product.

The 2001, the per capita personal income was $26,808, 36th in the nation, and only 88% of the national per capita personal income of $30,413. Total earnings were $110,654,536,000.(BEARFACTS)

Demographics

According to the 2000 census, Tennessee is 79.2% white, 16.4% black, 0.3% Native American, and 1% Asian.

Important cities and towns

The capital is Nashville. Memphis has the largest population of any city proper in the state, but Nashville has a slightly larger metropolitan area, comprising over 20% of the state's population. Chattanooga and Knoxville, both in the eastern part of the state near the Smoky Mountains, have approximately a third of Memphis or Nashville's population. The three towns of Bristol, Kingsport, and Johnson City make up a fifth significant population center, often called the "Tri-Cities", in the far northeast of the state. As of 2000, the population is 5,689,283.

Tennessee cities' claims to fame are:

Education

Colleges and universities

Rhodes College
  • Sewanee, The University of the South
  • Southern Adventist University
  • Southern College
  • Tennessee State University
  • Tennessee Technological University
  • Tennessee Temple University
  • Tennessee Wesleyan College
  • Trevecca Nazarene University
  • Tusculum College
  • Union University
  • University of Memphis
  • University of Tennessee System
  • Vanderbilt University
  • Professional sports teams

    Famous Tennesseans

    see List of famous Tennesseans see List of Governors of Tennessee

    Miscellaneous information

    See: Tennessee State Flag

    
    

    External links


    Political divisions of the United States
    Flag of the United States
    States Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming
    Federal district District of Columbia
    Insular areas American Samoa | Baker Island | Guam | Howland Island | Jarvis Island | Johnston Atoll | Kingman Reef | Midway Atoll | Navassa Island | Northern Mariana Islands | Palmyra Atoll | Puerto Rico | Virgin Islands | Wake Island

    Regions of Tennessee
    East Tennessee | Middle Tennessee | West Tennessee | Blue Ridge Mountains | Ridge-and-valley Appalachians | Cumberland Plateau | Highland Rim | Nashville Basin | Gulf Coastal Plain
    Nashville metropolitan area | Memphis metropolitan area
    Largest Cities
    Bartlett | Brentwood | Bristol | Chattanooga | Clarksville | Cleveland | Cookeville | Franklin | Germantown | Hendersonville | Jackson | Johnson City | Kingsport | Knoxville | Memphis | Morristown | Murfreesboro | Nashville | Oak Ridge | Smyrna
    Counties
    Anderson | Bedford | Benton | Bledsoe | Blount | Bradley | Campbell | Cannon | Carroll | Carter | Cheatham | Chester | Clairborne | Clay | Cocke | Coffee | Crockett | Cumberland | Davidson | Decatur | DeKalb | Dickson | Dyer | Fayette | Fentress | Franklin | Gibson | Giles | Grainger | Greene | Grundy | Hamblen | Hamilton | Hancock | Hardeman | Hardin | Hawkins | Haywood | Henderson | Henry | Hickman | Houston | Humphreys | Jackson | Jefferson | Johnson | Knox | Lake | Lauderdale | Lawrence | Lewis | Lincoln | Loudon | Macon | Madison | Marion | Marshall | Maury | McMinn | McNairy | Meigs | Monroe | Montgomery | Moore | Morgan | Obion | Overton | Perry | Pickett | Polk | Putnam | Rhea | Roane | Robertson | Rutherford | Scott | Sequatchie | Sevier | Shelby | Smith | Stewart | Sullivan | Sumner | Tipton | Trousdale | Unicoi | Union | Van Buren | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Weakley | White | Williamson | Wilson