The Tunisia reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Tunisia

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Tunisia is a Muslim Arab country situated on the North African Mediterranean coast. It borders on Algeria to the west and Libya to the south and east.

الجمهرية التونسية El-joumhouriyya et-Tounisiyya
 
 
 
Flag of Tunisia
 100px
 
image:LocationTunisia.png
Official language Arabic
Capital Tunis
PresidentZine El Abidine Ben Ali
Prime MinisterMohamed Ghannouchi
Area
 - Total
Ranked 89th
163,610 km²
Population
 - Total (2003)
Ranked 81st
9,924,742
Currency Tunisian Dinar
Time zone UTC +1
Independence
 - Granted
(from France)
March 20, 1956
National anthem Himat Al Hima, Ala Khallidi
Internet TLD .tn
Calling Code216

History

Main article: History of Tunisia

Tunisia was the site of Carthage, a state conquered by the Roman Empire, which withdrew in the 5th century. It was conquered by Arab Muslims in the 7th century, and later became part of the Ottoman Empire.

In the 19th century it remained officially Ottoman but increasingly independent. It was made a French protectorate in 1881. It achieved independence in 1956, and has had two presidents since.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Tunisia

Tunisia is a republic with a strong presidential system dominated by a single political party. President Zine el-Abedine Ben Ali has been in office since 1987 when he deposed Habib Bourguiba, who had been President since Tunisia's independence from France in 1956. The ruling party, the Constitutional Democratic Assembly (RCD), was the sole legal party for 25 years--when it was known as the Socialist Destourian Party (PSD)--and still dominates political life. The President is elected to 5-year terms--with virtually no opposition--and appoints a Prime Minister and cabinet, who play a strong role in the execution of policy. Regional governors and local administrators also are appointed by the central government; largely consultative mayors and municipal councils are elected. There is a unicameral legislative body, the Chamber of Deputies, which has 182 seats, 20% of which are reserved for the opposition. It plays a growing role as an arena for debate on national policy but never originates legislation and virtually always passes bills presented by the executive with only minor changes. The judiciary is nominally independent but responds to executive direction especially in political cases. The military is professional and does not play a role in politics. There are currently six legal opposition parties.

Governorates

Main article: Governorates of Tunisia

Geography

Main article: Geography of Tunisia

Tunisia is in north Africa, between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert. Much of the land is semi-arid and desert.

Economy

Main article: Economy of Tunisia

Tunisia has a diverse economy, with important agricultural, mining, energy, tourism, and manufacturing sectors. Governmental control of economic affairs while still heavy has gradually lessened over the past decade with increasing privatization, simplification of the tax structure, and a prudent approach to debt. Real growth averaged 5.0% in the 1990s, and inflation is slowing. Growth in tourism and increased trade have been key elements in this steady growth. Tunisia's association agreement with the European Union entered into force on 1 March 1998, the first such accord between the EU and Mediterranean countries to be activated. Under the agreement Tunisia will gradually remove barriers to trade with the EU over the next decade. Broader privatization, further liberalization of the investment code to increase foreign investment, and improvements in government efficiency are among the challenges for the future. In 2008, Tunisia is a completely associated member of the E.U. (comparable to the status of Norway or Iceland).

Miscellaneous Topics


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