The Utah reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
(provided by Fixed Reference: snapshots of Wikipedia from wikipedia.org)

Utah

Spread the word about a children's charity with social media
Utah
Image:us-ut.png Image:Utahstateseal.jpg
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Beehive State
Image:Map_of_USA_highlighting_Utah.png
Other U.S. States
Capital Salt Lake City
Largest City Salt Lake City
Governor Olene Walker
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 13th
220,080 kmò
212,988 kmò
7,092 kmò
3.2%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 34th
2,233,169
10/kmò
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

45th
January 4, 1896
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Latitude
Longitude
37° to 42°N
109°W to 114°W
Width
Length
Elevation
  - Highest
  - Mean
  - Lowest
435 km
565 km
 
4,123 meters
1,920 meters
610 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-UT

Utah is a western state of the United States, in the Rocky Mountains region. The name Utah is from the Southern Ute language. The Paiute and Goshute nations also inhabit portions of the state. Residents are called Utahns.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and government
3 Geography
4 Parks and monuments
5 Transportation
6 Demographics
7 Important cities and towns
8 Colleges and universities
9 Professional sports teams
10 Miscellaneous information
11 External link

History

Native Americans have lived Utah for several thousand years. They left petroglyphs and pictographss which exist throughout the state.

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado may have crossed into what is now southern Utah in 1540, when he was seeking the legendary Cibola.

A group led by two priests--sometimes called the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition--left Santa Fe in 1776, hoping to find a route to the California coast. The expedition travelled as far north as Utah Lake and encountered the native residents.

Fur trappers--including Jim Bridger--explored some regions of Utah in the early 1800's. The city of Provo, Utah was named for one such man, Étienne Provost, who visited the area in 1825.

Mormon settlers first came to the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. At the time, Utah was still Mexican territory. As a consequence of the Mexican-American War, the land became the territory of the United States upon the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2, 1848. The Treaty was ratified by the United States Senate on March 10.

Utah's bid for statehood was accepted January 4, 1896, after over forty years of initial request and struggles. The delay was largely due to disputes between the Mormon inhabitants--who had settled in the area in 1847 and were pushing for the establishment of the state of Deseret--and the US Government which was reluctant to admit a state the size of the proposed Deseret into the union, opposed the polygamous practices of the Mormons taught by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and observed that the region lacked the necessary 60,000 voters required for statehood. One of the conditions to granting Utah's statehood was that a ban on polygamy be written into the Utah Constitution. This was a condition required of other western states that were also admitted later into the Union.

Law and government

See List of Utah Governors

The capital and largest city is Salt Lake City.

Geography

See List of Utah counties

Utah is one of the Four Corners states bordered by Idaho and Wyoming in the north, by Colorado in the east, by Arizona in the south, and by Nevada in the west.

One of Utah's defining characteristics is the variety of its terrain. The Wasatch Mountains run a center spine of the state, and the Uinta Mountain range in the north-east (the only east-west running mountain range in North America) includes the highest point in the state, Kings Peak at 13,528 feet. The Great Salt Lake lies to the immediate west of the Wasatch Mountains, beyond which the Bonneville Salt Flats stretch to Nevada. All land west of the Wasatch Mountains is within the Great Basin, while everything to the East drains into the Colorado River system.

Much of the scenic southern landscape is sandstone, more specifically Kayenta sandstone and Navajo sandstone, cut and shaped by the Colorado River or its tributaries.

Western Utah is mostly arid desert with a basin and range geology. Northeastern Utah (from the Wasatch Mountains eastward and from the Uintah Plateau northward) is largely mountainous with many wooded and alpine regions.

Parks and monuments

The desert plateaus of Southern Utah contains five national parks:

National Monuments in Utah include: In addition, Utah contains several notable state parks and monuments:

Transportation

Utah's major highways are
Interstate 15, which runs the length of Utah; Interstate 70, which enters the state from Colorado and terminates at I-15 in central Utah; Interstate 80, which crosses from West Wendover, Nevada on the west through Salt Lake City and eastward through Evanston, Wyoming; and Interstate 84, which runs southeast to northwest from I-80 to the Idaho border.

Demographics

The population of Utah as of 2000 is 2,233,169. Much of the population lives in cities and towns along the Wasatch Front, a metropolitan region that runs north-south with the Wasatch Mountains rising on the eastern side. Most of the rest of the state is rural or wilderness.

Important cities and towns

Aside from the capital Salt Lake City, other major cities outside of the Salt Lake City area are Orem-Provo, Ogden, Logan and St. George.

Colleges and universities

  • Brigham Young University
  • College of Eastern Utah
  • Dixie State College of Utah (formerly Dixie College)
  • LDS Business College
  • Snow College
  • Southern Utah University

Professional sports teams

Miscellaneous information

External link