The Washington reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Washington

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For alternate meanings see Washington (disambiguation)
Washington
Image:us-wa.gif Image:Washingtonstateseal.jpg
(In detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Evergreen State
Image:Map_of_USA_highlighting_Washington.png
Other U.S. States
Capital Olympia
Largest City Seattle
Governor Gary Locke
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 18th
184,824 kmò
172,587 kmò
12,237 kmò
6.6%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 15th
5,894,121
32/kmò
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

42nd
November 11, 1889
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Latitude
Longitude
45°32' N to 49° N
116°57' W to 124°48' W
Width
Length
Elevation
  -Highest
  -Mean
  -Lowest
385 km
580 km
 
4,392 meters
520 meters
0 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-WA

Washington is a state located in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. It should not be confused with Washington, D.C, the nation's capital. To avoid confusion, the state is often called Washington State. While the state capital is Olympia, the largest city in Washington is Seattle. As of the 2000 census, the state population is approximately 5.9 million. Residents are called "Washingtonians."

Washington is the only state named after a president, George Washington.

The USS Washington was named in honor of this state.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Geography
3 Important cities and towns
4 Agriculture
5 Education
6 Professional sports teams
7 Arts and culture
8 Elected officials and political activists
9 Major highways
10 External links

History

In 1853, Washington Territory was formed from part of Oregon Territory. Washington became the 42nd state in the United States on November 11, 1889.

Geography

See: List of Washington counties

Washington is bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west, Oregon to the south, Idaho to the east, and British Columbia, Canada to the north. It is famous for scenery of breathtaking beauty and sharp contrasts. High mountains rise above evergreen forests and sparkling coastal waters. Its coastal location and Puget Sound harbors give it a leading role in trade with Alaska, Canada, and the Pacific Rim. Puget Sound's many islands are served by the largest state ferry fleet in the world.

Washington is a land of contrasts. The deep forests of the Olympic Peninsula are among the rainiest places in the world, but the flat semi-desert that lies east of the Cascade Range stretches for long distances without a single tree. Snow-covered peaks tower above the foothills and lowlands around them. Mount Rainier, the highest mountain in the state, appears to "float" on the horizon southeast of Seattle and Tacoma on clear days. The eastern side of the state can be divided into two regions: the Okanogan Highlands, and the Columbia River Basin.

See also Central Washington, Columbia River Plateau, Eastern Washington, Inland Empire, Kitsap Peninsula, Palouse, Western Washington.

Geographical features

A fuller list of Washington state's islands appears here.

Important cities and towns

See also Washington city government

Agriculture

Washington is a leading agricultural state. (The following figures are from the Washington State Office of Financial Management and the Washington Agricultural Statistics Service.)

For 2001, the total value of Washington's agricultural products was $5.4 billion, the 12th highest in the country. The total value of its crops was $3.2 billion, the 8th highest.

In 2002, Washington ranked first in the nation in production of raspberries (87.8% of total U.S production), hops (74.4%), spearmint oil (also 74.4%), wrinkled seed peas (65.6%), apples (60.2%), Concord grapes (51.8%), sweet cherries (48%), pears (44.9%), lentils (41.9%), peppermint oil (35.2%), carrots for processing (34.5%), tart cherries (32.8%), Niagara grapes (32.4%), and sweet corn for processing (29.2%). Washington also ranked second in the nation in grapes (all varieties taken together), apricots, asparagus (over a third of the country's production), and green peas for processing; third in the nation for wheat, prunes and plums, summer dry onions, trout, and butter; fourth in barley and peaches; and fifth in cranberries and strawberries.

Education

Colleges and universities

Community colleges

  • Bates Technical College
  • Bellevue Community College
  • Bellingham Technical College
  • Big Bend Community College
  • Cascadia Community College
  • Centralia College
  • Clark College
  • Clover Park Technical College
  • Columbia Basin College
  • Edmonds Community College
  • Everett Community College
  • Grays Harbor College
  • Green River Community College
  • Highline Community College
  • Lake Washington Technical College
  • Lower Columbia College

Olympic College

  • Peninsula College
  • Pierce College
  • Renton Technical College
  • Seattle Community College District
  • Shoreline Community College
  • Skagit Valley College
  • South Puget Sound Community College
  • Spokane Community College
  • Spokane Falls Community College
  • Tacoma Community College
  • Walla Walla Community College
  • Wenatchee Valley College
  • Whatcom Community College
  • Yakima Valley Community College
  • Professional sports teams

    Minor League Baseball Teams
    • Tacoma Rainiers
    • Everett AquaSox
    • Bellingham Bells
    • Yakima Bears
    • Spokane Indians
    • Tri-City Dust Devils

    Arts and culture

    Elected officials and political activists

    Elected officials

    See also: Washington state congressional delegates

    Political activists

    Major highways

    External links


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