The William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw reference article from the English Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw

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William Stephen Ian Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw (June 28, 1918 - July 1, 1999) was a British Conservative politician.

He was the first British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland after the imposition of direct rule in March 1972 and he served in that capacity until November 1973. During his time in Northern Ireland he introduced 'special category' status for paramilitary prisoners.

In the later Thatcher government he was Deputy Prime Minister and Home Secretary from 1979 to 1983, and Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Lords from 1983 to 1988.

He was a Conservative MP from 1955 until he went to the House of Lords in 1983. He was returned as MP for Penrith and the Border in the 1983 general election but was elevated to the peerage just two days later, on June 11, 1983, sparking an immediate by-election.

Preceded by:
Fred Peart
Lord President of the Council
1970-1972
Followed by:
Leonard Robert Carr
Preceded by:
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Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
1972-1973
Followed by:
Francis Pym
Preceded by:
Maurice Macmillan
Secretary of State for Employment
1973-1974
Followed by:
Michael Foot
Preceded by:
Merlyn Rees
Home Secretary
1979-1983
Followed by:
Leon Brittan
Preceded by:
John Biffen
Lord President of the Council
1983-1988
Followed by:
John Wakeham

Preceded by:
New Creation
Viscount Whitelaw Followed by:
Extinct