The Name reference article from the Simple Wikipedia on 24-Jul-2004
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Name

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Name is a word (or a set of words) given to things and people.

For example, cat is a name of an animal. "Ryan" is a name of a person.

Table of contents
1 People's names
2 American Names
3 Japanese Names
4 Names of pets

People's names

In many cultures, there are rules and customs about how to give person a name.

Some of the rules are defined by laws, others are defined by traditions (doing things in the way they have been done for a long time).

There are rules about different aspects of the names and naming, including the following:

1. Number of parts of a name

In some cultures, a person has a one part name, such as "ShiningWater."

In other cultures, a person has a two-part name, such as "John Smith."

In some cultures, a person can have any number of name parts. In the United States, for example, some people have three: first name, middle name, and last name. Other people have only two, first and last names.

2. Relations with names of parents and other relatives

In some cultures, a person has the same "family name" (or surname) as their parents. For example, the father of John Smith may be Mike Smith. And Mike Smith's father may be James Smith. The "Smith" part is the same for all the family.

In other cultures, a person has the same name as his or her father, but the name is in a different place. For example, Shafiq Hanif's son may be Hanif Kamal. Hanif is in both the father's and son's name.

3. Name changes

In some cultures, names changes when people marry, divorce, go through some religious ceremony, etc. For example, in some Spanish-speaking countries, people use two last names: their mother's father's name and their father's name. If Elena Rodriguez Gomez and Jose Sanchez Soria marry, she may change her name to Elena Rodriguez de Sanchez, and their child could be named Pilar Sanchez Rodriguez, taking the names of both of her grandfathers.

4. Name origins

In some cultures, personal names come from history. In some European countries, first names are taken from the Bible. In some cultures, names are taken from a relative. In other cultures, a name shows what the parents hope their child will be like. A baby may be given a name Wisdom because parents hope the baby will be a wise girl or boy.

Some cultures avoid giving people a name of an animal. For example, there is no name like dog, cat, snake, owl, or fish in Japanese people's first names. But in some cultures, animal names may be good.

5. Lengths, pronunciations, spelling, etc.

In some languages and cultures, you can tell if a word is a person's name or not by just looking at the spelling or listening to its pronunciation. There are some other linguistic patterns. For example, many Chinese names are made up three syllables.

6. Use of names, titles, nicknames, etc.

In some cultures, people use names when they call each other. In other cultures, people use their nicknames. In some other cultures, people use their titles ("father" "professor" etc.) when they call each other.

American Names

1. Number of parts of a name

2. Relations with names of parents and other relatives

3. Name changes

4. Name origins

5. Lengths, pronunciations, spelling, etc.

6. Use of names, titles, nicknames, etc.


Japanese Names

Here are some things that are often found in
Japanese names today. In the past, people went by different rules.

1. Number of parts of a name

Japanese names have two parts. One is family name and the other is given name.

"Suzuki Ichiro" is a name of a Japanese. Suzuki is family name, and Ichiro is the first name. In Japanese language, the family name comes first, and the given name comes second. (It is like writing Smith John, instead of John Smith).

Only some members of the royal family do not have a family name.

2. Relations with names of parents and other relatives

A newborn baby gets a family name from their parents. The parents have the same family name. So, a son of Ono Yoko (female) and Ono Ken (male) is Ono something.

The family name Ono is mostly shared by paternal (male) part of the family. So Ono Ken's parents have the family name Ono, but Ono Yoko's parents probably do not.

3. Name changes

Names of people change when they marry and divorce. It is a custom in many parts of the world that women change their family name to that of their new husband when they marry. However, in Europe and North America especially, many women no longer do this even though their mothers and grandmothers may have. Sometimes, the man will take the woman's family name.


4. Name origins

5. Lengths, pronunciations, spelling, etc.

6. Use of names, titles, nicknames, etc.


Names of pets