Tokyocapital of Japan. It is the biggest city in Japan. 10% (ten percent) of the Japanese people live in Tokyo, and as many as 20% (twenty percent) of the population live around it. Tokyo is the commercial(=of business/trade) and industry center not only of Japan but also of Asia.
Tokyo is in Kanto plain and faces Tokyo bay. Two rever run through it. One is Sumida River which runs from the north to the south and flows into the Tokyo bay. Another is Tama River which runs through the city from the west to the east. Tama River is a border of Tokyo and its neighbor city Kawasaki in its most part.
Tokyo means "the Eastern capital" in Japanese. It becomes the capital of Japan in the middle of 19th century and was renamed from Edo. Before then Kyoto was the capital of Japan, where Tenno, the emperor of Japan, lived. Edo was the site of Tokugawa Shogunate, the government of the Shogun. The city grew up under the control of the Shogunate. Before then it was a small town on the sea. Edo means "the mouth of a river" in Japanese.
Tokyo was destroyed by fires started by the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923. It was also badly damaged by bombs during World War II. The most famous bombing occured in March 10, 1945. After Japan lost the war, the city was rebuilt.
Tokyo held the Olympic Games in the summer of 1964.
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